St Paul Cathedral

A granite structure in the Ecole des Beaux Arts tradition, its designer was French architect, Emmanuel L. Masqueray, whom Archbishop John Ireland met in 1903 during the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis.  Ireland had purchased the Selby-Kitson property earlier; remained in close supervision of the project until his death in 1918.  His successors continued the work.

The church is basically a Greek cross plan under a high domed ceiling 286 feet above.  This provides good sight lines from the 2400 seats in the nave and transepts.  The gray-pink granite for the structure came from quarries at Rockville, Minnesota, near St. Cloud.  The stone, at a cost of $51,239.00, was removed over a four-year period.  Its cornerstone was laid in 1906; the first mass said in the unfinished church Palm Sunday, 1915.  The building was completed in 1941 with the installation of the last rose windows in the north and south transepts.